- Assigning values to specific categories of information. There are distinct usages of this meaning of coding in survey analysis:
- Analyzing text data, such as open-ended responses to questions in a questionnaire, transcripts from qualitative research, and other forms of text data such as twitter. In this context, 'coding' refers to a process whereby researchers transform the text data into quantitative data.
- Assigning values to specific categories in a questionnaire (e.g., 1 for Male and 2 for Female).
- Transforming categorical variables (e.g., 'dummy coding' and 'effects coding').
- Writing a computer code.